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Category Archives: New ID Technologies
Pressure BioSciences to Collaborate with Southern University at New Orleans on Improving and Extending the Use of PBI’s PCT Platform for the Detection of DNA in Forensic Samples
SOUTH EASTON, Mass., April 14, 2015 /PRNewswire/ — Pressure BioSciences, Inc. (OTCQB: PBIO) (“PBI” and the “Company”) today announced it has entered into a Collaboration Agreement with Southern University at New Orleans (SUNO) to focus on improving and extending the applications of the Company’s unique and patented pressure cycling technology (PCT) platform for the detection of DNA in forensic samples. The program will be under the direction of Dr. Pam Marshall, Interim Director, Forensic Science Program and Assistant Professor, Department of Natural Sciences at SUNO.
The FBI’s Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division took biometric identification to the next level when the Next Generation Identification (NGI) System—now the FBI’s largest information technology system—became fully operational. Seven years in the making, this new system expands upon and replaces the 15-year-old Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS).
It used to take about 105 days for Orange County detectives to link a suspect to a violent crime through DNA found at the crime scene.
That was about the time it took to collect dozens — if not hundreds — of pieces of evidence, deliver them to the Florida Department of Law Enforcement’s Crime Lab in Orlando and test them for possible DNA samples.
There are no shortcuts in criminal investigations, but a new tool is saving time and investigation expenses at law enforcement agencies throughout the country. Rapid DNA instruments—desktop devices that provide sample-to-result analysis of biological evidence in less than two hours—are making a difference in dozens of U.S. jurisdictions by allowing the timely matching of a suspect’s unique DNA profile to crime scene evidence.
DNA profiling (or genetic fingerprinting) has proved a revolutionary tool for forensic investigators as a means to identify potential suspects, exonerate the innocent and convict the guilty. But, like any forensic technique, it has its limitations. One limitation is in cases involving identical twins, something that has raised technical, legal and ethical problems – until now.
A newly developed genetic technique enabled researchers to sequence DNA from the teeth of 300-year-old skeletons, helping to pinpoint where in Africa three slaves had likely lived before being captured.
PLEASANTON (CBS SF) — It’s not quite as fast as the CSI detectives on television who solve crimes between the commercial breaks, but new technology just acquired by the Alameda County Sheriff’s Department promises it will process a suspect’s DNA in record time.
There were no known eyewitnesses to the murder of a young woman and her 3-year-old daughter four years ago. No security cameras caught a figure coming or going.
Nonetheless, the police in Columbia, S.C., last month released a sketch of a possible suspect. Rather than an artist’s rendering based on witness descriptions, the face was generated by a computer relying solely on DNA found at the scene of the crime.
A top state judge will allow the use of new computer-assisted DNA technology in the murder trial of a career criminal accused of strangling a 41-year-old mentally ill man during a robbery nearly five years ago.
SAN DIEGO, Jan 21, 2015 (BUSINESS WIRE) — Illumina, Inc. ILMN, -2.71% today announced the launch of the MiSeq FGx Forensic Genomics System, the first fully validated forensic next-generation sequencing (NGS) system, which simultaneously interrogates short tandem repeats (STR) and other valuable genetic markers, including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), to provide informative DNA profiles.
NEW YORK (GenomeWeb) – The US Department of Justice’s National Institute of Justice has awarded a forensic geneticist at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis $1.1 million to develop forensic DNA phenotyping tools.
Reston, Va.-based Parabon Nanolabs, with funding from the Department of Defense, has debuted a breakthrough type of analysis called DNA phenotyping which the company says can predict a person’s physical appearance from the tiniest DNA samples, like a speck of blood or strand of hair.
On Sept. 14, 2000, Wayne Shumaker, 58, Corby Myer, 30, and Lynn Ganger, 54—three carpenters building a barn loft at an upscale property near Lakeville, Indiana—were bound and shot execution style during an armed robbery. Less than two years later, the triggerman in the case, Phillip Stroud, was found guilty on all three counts of murder and sentenced to life in prison. The criminal was done in—at least in part—by the dog droppings he had stepped in during the commission of the crime. It turns out that dog feces not only messed up his sneakers, but his defense too. It was a simple mistake that was exploited by the prosecution using some new and very sophisticated science. Samples from Stroud’s sneakers were compared to dog feces at the barn. Through DNA analysis (as they exit, feces snag DNA-carrying epithelial cells from the colon), the specimens turned out to be a perfect match—proof positive that the defendant had been present at the scene of the crime.